“Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.” George Santayana
By the end of the First World War, more than 827,000 horses and mules had served in the military. The British Army alone saw 415,179 animals die in the conflict. After the Armistice was signed, these soldier equines weren’t honored for their service and retired to pasture with the appreciation of grateful nations. They were, instead, sent to slaughter.
Most of the meat was delivered to hungry European civilians, but with the exception of some European immigrants, there was no market for horse meat in the United States. So in 1921, naturalized citizen Phillip Chappel, with experience in both the meat and horse industries, decided to enter horse meat into another market – that of dog food. Eventually, local pet owners became so…
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